Greenhouse gas emission reduction projects of different countries can only be assessed, compared and plausibly certified when applying international valuation standards. This is a precondition for well-functioning crediting mechanisms, by which effective projects are awarded with tradable certificates. This is one of the conclusions reached by INFRAS, in cooperation with other climate experts, in a report commissioned by the Swedish Energy Agency.
Article 6 of the Paris Agreements makes it possible for member states to voluntarily cooperate with one another in regard to greenhouse gas mitigation action. Successful projects are then to be certified, applying the crediting mechanisms. Though, what is an appropriate way to compare emission reduction projects trans-nationally and in what way can their environmental integrity be ensured? INFRAS analysed these questions in cooperation with an international expert team. The most important recommendations can be found in the report established on behalf of the Swedish Energy Agency.